The biggest investment you will make in your life will likely be purchasing a home. So before you sign on the dotted line, you must be certain that the property's title is clear of other claims.
A title company does all the research to insure that a property has clear title. Making sure that a property is clear of all legal encumbrances is the job of a title company.
You pay the title insurance company a single premium which includes the cost of verifying clear title and covers you in case some fault is later discovered in the title.
The title company performs an extensive search on the title history of the property. Through its research, the title company can usually find any title problems and have these problems cleared-up before you close on the property.
Real Estate law is extraordinarily complicated. Title companies make sure that all the T's are crossed and all the I's are dotted so you don't end up with a clouded title and legal problems. Your owner's policy will describe the property and outline the limitations on your ownership. It will also set forth the title insurance company's responsibilities should any claim covered by the policy terms arise. Title insurance covers the following:
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